Federal Law No. 149-FZ, on Information, Information Technologies and Protection of Information.

Document type
(1) Article 17 of the Law establishes general principles of intermediary liability for distribution of illegal information (other than IP) by exempting intermediaries from civil liability subject to the following conditions: 
  • Transmission: did not modify the content while providing services.
  • Hosting and enabling access: could not know that the distribution of information was illegal.
(2) Hosting provider, telecom operator and web site owner are not liable to right holders and users for restricting access to information, if such restriction was implemented in accordance with this law.
Topic, claim, or defense
General or Non-Specified
Document type
Issuing entity
Legislative Branch
Type of service provider
General or Non-Specified
Host (Including Social Networks)
Internet Access Provider (Including Mobile)
Issues addressed
Trigger for OSP obligations
Type of law
General effect on immunity
Strengthens Immunity