Article 48 states that any person shall have the right to make a temporary reproduction of a work of authorship without the author’s permission and without paying any remuneration, under the following conditions:
- reproduction is transient or incidental;
- reproduction is an integral and essential part of a technological process;
- purpose of reproduction is to enable a transmission of data in a network between two or more persons through an intermediary, or to enable a lawful use of a work of authorship; and
- reproduction does not have independent economic significance.
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